Group 4: Policy Implementation

Desired Outcome

The main goals of this group are to support improved sustainable development and conservation by: 1) harmonizing environmental policies in support of no net loss (NNL/NG) principles and the socio-economic well-being of communities; and 2) by creating an institutionalized system for strengthening and tacking the progress of policy implementation.

Policy Gap Analysis

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All of the policies in need up strengthening and/or updating in this document fall under this section.  However, only general policy considerations are mentioned here.

  1. In line with the Uganda Wildlife Policy 2014, the Uganda Wildlife bill, 2016 should be further reviewed to explicitly provide for mitigation hierarchy (MH) and NNL/NG of biodiversity.
  2. The requirement of NNL/NG should be fully integrated in the refundable environmental performance bonds.  In addition to the  mandatory requirement of NNL/NG,  developers of projects and operators of activities likely to have adverse impacts on biodiversity should be required  to execute  refundable  performance  bonds systems as security that they will ensure NNL/NG. In the event that they fail, the bond can be confiscated and used to restore or establish offsets
  3. For effective operationalization of the MH in Uganda, there is need to address the non-legal and policy issues which influence implementation including (i) creation of awareness of the concept of biodiversity amongst all stakeholders,  (ii) building the  institutional  capacity of NEMA  and sectoral  agencies,  (iii) enhancing  political will and  increasing funding for environmental monitoring and compliance, (iv) promotion of total economic valuation of ecosystems, and, (v) creating incentives to promote NNL/NG of biodiversity.

Policy Actions

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  1. Create a legal or policy provision that explicitly requires NNL/NG of biodiversity on all development projects
  2. Align Uganda’s no net loss policy with international development bank policies in order to streamline the compliance process for developers
  3. Harmonize policies across sectors to strengthen enforcement capacity of NNL/NG principles
  4. Create policy that supports the use of innovative financing mechanisms such as budgetary allocations, private sector financing, wetland and critical habitat banking, restoration, mitigation and offset payments
  5. Create policy that supports public/private partnerships

Multi-Sectoral Actions—NGOs and development partners should provide the following support to government:

  1. Increase collaboration between existing players/partners and donors to harmonize implementation of funded initiatives
  2. Cultivate public/private partnerships (PPP)
  3. Create capacity building programs to improve assessments and monitoring of impacts
  4. Create a system for knowledge exchange to share best practices 
  5. Create early warning and tracking mechanisms for non-compliance and ineffectiveness of policies, laws and regulations
  6. Create a mechanism to improve access to information—translation, interpretations, IEC materials/media 

Next Steps

  1. Integration of early warning system into existing EW systems
  2. Undertake landscaping of existing efforts and convene all parties involved 
  3. Conduct a multi-sectoral analysis of existing policies 
  4. Develop guidelines for using the Uganda Biodiversity Fund to distribute funds for mitigation, restoration and offsets