Group 3: Law Enforcement and Compliance Monitoring

Desired Outcome

The main goals of the law enforcement and compliance monitoring group are to: 1) to ensure that laws and regulations are implemented at all relevant levels; 2) to ensure that the population is aware of and compliant with the laws and regulations on natural resource management; and 3) to ensure effective laws and regulations that encompass sound natural resource management are in place.


  1. To implement laws and regulations at all appropriate levels
  2. To adequately disseminate information on laws and regulations in order to foster a population that is aware and compliant with the laws and regulations on natural resources management
  3. To promote effective laws and regulations that encompass sound natural resource management (long-term)
  4. To change management strategies to better support law enforcement and compliance monitoring 


  1. There is inadequate facilitation and funding for law enforcement and monitoring. This includes:
    • Lack of equipment
    • Lack of vehicles
    • Lack of paid law enforcement officers
  2. Capacity is limited. There is a need to train officers in new technology and methods.  Similarly, there is a need for increased capacity for biological and socio-economic monitoring
  3. Lack of specific standards to address oil and gas 
  4. There is a need for increased coordination among law enforcement agencies 
  5. Awareness of the laws and regulations is limited among the general population
  6. There is limited involvement of communities in formulation and implementation of the laws

Policy Actions for Law Enforcement and Monitoring

  1. Review and revise existing laws to ensure effectiveness
  2. Create multi-sectoral platform for compliance monitoring 
  3. Improve capacity and increase human resources for monitoring and law enforcement 
  4. Improve the prosecution and litigation system by linking evidence chains
  5. Improve logistical support for monitoring and compliance of relevant laws and regulations 
  6. Enact ordinances and by-laws to support existing national laws
  7. Develop an Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) system (out of court)
  8. Develop a gender sensitivity mechanism for appropriate benefit sharing

Multi-Sectoral Actions—NGOs and development partners should provide the following support to government:

  1. Review and revise existing laws 
  2. Develop an outreach campaign to sensitize communities on laws and regulations 
  3. Provide guidelines for how the private sector can improve implementation of laws by developing internal laws and regulations that prohibit certain activities (e.g. loss of employment for poaching and random vehicle searches)
  4. Incentivize companies to employ local people to reduce non-compliance with laws
  5. Strengthen and institute grassroots structures to support monitoring and compliance

Next Steps

  1. Review existing policies and laws
  2. Form a national environmental task force on law enforcement 
  3. Create technical teams that can meet quarterly
  4. Create regional environmental task forces that meet quarterly
  5. Create outreach campaign to educate population about laws and regulations